Adopted by the General Assembly at Berne, October 1967; modified at Canberra, December 1979; modified by mail ballot, 1998; modified at Perugia, July 2007; modified at Montreal, July 2019; modified by electronic vote, December 2020 (Previous version/changes).
1) The International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans (IAPSO) hereafter referred to as the Association is a constituent of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics hereafter referred to as the Union. The Association is subject to those articles of the Statutes and By-Laws of the Union which apply to Associations, and also to these Statutes.
2) The objects of the Association are:
3) Those Adhering Bodies that adhere to the Union are Members of the Association, and are hereafter referred to as "Members".
By resolution of an Association Assembly, other international organizations that are concerned with the study of physical sciences of the oceans may be admitted to Membership, with the status of guests.
4) The Authority of the Association shall be vested in the Members, and exercised collectively by their accredited delegates. The Association will hold a meeting of delegates at General Assemblies of the Union and at Association Assemblies occurring during interim periods between General Assemblies.
5) The Association shall convene scientific symposia and/or workshops and hold business meetings of the Members' delegates at the General Assemblies of the Union, to be held normally once every four years. The Association may recommend to the Executive Committee of the Union, at a General Assembly of the Union, arrangement of joint sessions of two or more Associations or of joint meetings of two or more Committees or Commissions for the discussion of topics of an interdisciplinary character. With the concurrence of the Executive Committee of the Union, the Association may arrange General Assemblies and other meetings of its own in the interval between the General Assemblies of the Union, either singly to deal with topics of specific interest, or jointly with another Association or other Associations.
6) The President, the two Vice Presidents, the Secretary General, and the Treasurer of the Association shall be elected by delegates to the Association in accordance with Section III.
7) The Bureau of the Association shall consist of the President, Past President, the Secretary General and the Treasurer. Its duties shall be to conduct the affairs of the Association in accordance with the decisions of the foregoing meetings of the delegates. It shall prepare the Agenda for meetings of delegates. With the advice of the Association Executive Committee, it shall prepare the scientific program for Assemblies.
8) In accordance with Section III, the delegates from countries having Members shall elect eight persons who, together with the President, immediate Past President, Vice Presidents, Secretary General, and Treasurer, shall constitute the Executive Committee of the Association. One of the eight members will be de facto an early career scientist, whose formal role will be to chair the IAPSO Early Career Scientists Working Group.
9) The Executive Committee may establish Association Commissions, Working Groups or Services to address particular scientific areas of oceanography, and may abolish such Commissions, Working Groups and Services by a majority vote of the Executive Committee members. The Executive Committee may also approve Association participation in joint Commissions, Working Groups and Services with other Associations or scientific bodies, and may withdraw Association participation by a majority vote of the Association Executive Committee members.
10) A Nominations Committee of four persons from countries having Members will be appointed by the Executive Committee. The Nominations Committee will normally include the immediate Past President as its Chairperson. Its function will be to scrutinize nominations received for positions on the Executive Committee which become vacant, to seek additional nominations where appropriate, to ensure disciplinary and geographical distribution, and to prepare a final slate of candidates for election at the General Assembly.
11) The Executive Committee of the Association may establish medals and awards to recognize individuals for their accomplishments in advancing the knowledge of the physical and chemical sciences of the oceans.
12) Voting is held (a) at meetings during the Association Assembly or (b) electronically. Electronic voting is voting using electronic systems (e.g., Internet, E-mail, Fax) and organized by the IAPSO Secretary General. Electronic votes shall be open for one calendar month from the date of announcement. Electronic voting shall normally be suspended in the 6 months preceding an Association Assembly.
13) In questions of scientific nature, or of administrative nature, or of a character partly administrative and partly scientific not involving matters of finance, voting shall be by Members, each Member having one vote with the provision that its subscription shall have been paid up to the end of the year preceding the voting.
14) In questions involving finance, voting shall be by Member delegates, with the same provision as for administrative questions. The number of votes for each Member delegate shall be equal to the number of its category of membership to the Union.
15) Before a vote either during an Association Assembly, or through an electronic vote, the President shall decide whether the matter under consideration is scientific, administrative or financial in character and whether voting by correspondence is applicable.
16) A delegate shall represent only one Member. In the case of voting held during an Association Assembly, an adhering Member not represented by a delegate may submit by post its vote on any specific question of an agenda.
17) Guests will not vote.
18) These Statutes shall be changed only by a majority of two thirds of the votes cast by delegates at an Association Assembly or electronically in accordance with Section III. Any modification to the Statutes shall come into force at the close of the Association Assembly at which they are adopted, or in the case of electronic voting on the date at which they are adopted.
19) The Association may make By-Laws which may be changed by a simple majority of the votes cast by delegates at an Association Assembly, or electronically in accordance with Section III. Any modification to the By-Laws shall come into force at the close of the Association Assembly at which they are adopted, or in the case of electronic voting on the date at which they are adopted.
20) This English text shall be the authoritative text of the Statutes of the Association.
Adopted by the General Assembly at Berne, October 1967; modified at Canberra, December 1979; modified at Honolulu, August 1995; modified by mail ballot, 1998; modified at Perugia, July 2007; modified by electronic vote, December 2020 (Previous version/changes)
1) It is recommended that each adhering Member shall form a National Sub-Committee for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans, to which correspondence may be addressed.
2) Each adhering Member and each international member may contribute to the Agenda of Association Assemblies.
4) The President shall:
5) The Vice Presidents shall:
6) The Secretary General shall:
7) The Treasurer of the Association shall be responsible for the financial administration of the Association in accordance with directions issued by the Association Bureau. The Treasurer shall:
8) Of the eight persons referred to in Article 8 of the Statutes, not more than four may be elected to an additional term.
9) The Executive Committee shall:
10) Officers designated by these By-Laws for special duties or for special committees may appoint substitutes in their stead. Notice of the intention to do so must be sent in writing to the President or Secretary General. No substitute shall represent more than one officer.
11) Decisions and actions of the Officers and Committees of the Association, taken during and between Association Assemblies, shall be reported to the delegates' business meeting at the Assembly.
12) Proposals for the Agenda of the meeting of delegates at General Assemblies of the Union and Association Assemblies shall reach the Secretary General six months before the meetings. The Secretary General shall send the Agenda to the Members and their accredited delegates, through the National Sub-Committees where such exist, at least four months before the meeting. No question not previously placed on the Agenda shall be discussed unless approved by two thirds of the votes of the Members represented at the Assembly.
13) Medals and Awards
14) Nominations Committee
15) The President and Treasurer shall individually have power to sign documents on behalf of the Association.
16) All disbursements of Association funds shall be made by the Treasurer in consultation with the Association Bureau.
17) The Treasurer shall receive the allocation of funds from the Union, maintain financial accounts, obtain receipts for disbursement of funds and maintain financial records.
18) Traveling expenses may be paid by the Treasurer, but only
To promote the study of the oceans and the interactions that take place at its boundaries with the sea floor, coastal environment and atmosphere, through the use of physics, chemistry, mathematics and biogeochemisty.
IAPSO gives importance to involving scientists and students from developing countries in oceanographic activities.